Published in Blog

What is the Trafficking in Persons Report?

Written by  Tuesday, 07 March 2017 18:36 Be the first to comment!
Image from the U.S. Department of State. Image from the U.S. Department of State.

The Trafficking in Persons Report, sometimes simply known as the TIP Report, is a fascinating document. At first glance it is merely a governmental report. In practise it is much more. It goes far beyond the limitations of most other such reports. The purpose of this report is not to catalogue the human trafficking in each of the world's states, a task its authors nonetheless achieve admirably, but rather to influence the world's countries to do something about their human trafficking situation. The U.S. Department of State acknowledges this is so when it declares it to be a tool. "The Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report is the U.S. Government’s principal diplomatic tool to engage foreign governments on human trafficking", it discloses. What then is this Trafficking in Persons Report?

What is the Trafficking in Persons Report?

The report has its origins in the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000. This law is sometimes more loosely referred to as the Trafficking Victims Protection Act or the TVPA. It requires the publication of a report outlining the "description of  the  nature  and  extent  of  severe  forms of  trafficking  in  persons ...  in  each  foreign  country." (Nowadays the United States is also scrutinised in the report). It also describes a framework for assessing the situation. The law compels the report's authors to consider whether, for example, "government  authorities ... participate in, facilitate, or condone such trafficking" and to consider too the steps each government has taken to prohibit individuals "from participating in such trafficking, including the investigation, prosecution, and conviction of individuals involved." Among the measures of the law's framework are ones aimed at protecting victims of human trafficking. To this end the TVPA requires the report to consider the steps being taken by each country to assist victims and to prevent these victims from further exploitation. It also mandates that victimhood be recognised by governments and that victims be protected from the possibility of being wrongly prosecuted.

The report is authored by personnel of the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (J/TIP), an agency within the U.S. Department of State, and it is published annually, usually in June, by the department. Going through the report one gets a sense of the enormity of the undertaking needed to make its publication possible. Before any of this work can commence the department issues, using its global network of embassies, a series of invitations to partners around the world to make submissions on the contemporary situation in their area. These submissions are then collated and analysed. The results of this process play a role in informing the final narrative.

The publication is a significant milestone in the calendar of the department, one that is marked by a public launch. The presence of the Secretary of State at successive launches underlines the importance of the issue of human trafficking to recent U.S. administrations. It also serves to draw the attention of the world's media to the issue and to promote the matter abroad.

 


Credit: U.S. Department of State
Source:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=viw-eBxl0PQ

The situation in each country is described in meticulous detail using country-specific narratives. There is a science behind how the report's authors construct these narratives. They begin by providing information on the profile of the human trafficking situation in the country over the past few years. They then provide a summary of government efforts to combat human trafficking, before making recommendations on how the country's government can improve upon those efforts. Thereafter the narratives address measures in terms of a 3P paradigm: prosecution, protection, and prevention. There is one other element, a very important one, to these narratives and it sits right at their beginning. The country-specific narrative discloses the score awarded to the country for the past year's performance.

 Source: Trafficking in Persons Report 2016, p.64.

Section 108 of the TVPA establishes yet another framework, this time in the form of a set of minimum standards. These minimum standards are ones it asserts are needed for a country to be on the right path towards eliminating human trafficking. The Department of State uses these minimum standards to allocate the scoring, in the form of a tier ranking, to countries annually. While a country can achieve the top Tier 1 ranking one year it might achieve a lower ranking the next. This is potentially a source of embarrassment for governments, one which may highlight systematic failure to tackle the issue. It is also problematic for persistently poor performers as it carries with it the risk of international financial aid to the country being withdrawn.

The TVPA has been amended several times since it was first introduced in 2000. One important thing to note that the tiers do not describe the trafficking situation in a country, but rather the conformance of that country to the minimum standards. The Department of State says: "While Tier 1 is the highest ranking, it does not mean that a country has no human trafficking problem. On the contrary, a Tier 1 ranking indicates that a government has acknowledged the existence of human trafficking, made efforts to address the problem, and complies with the TVPA’s minimum standards." There is no room for complacency then. Even when a country has scored highly one year there is no guarantee it will be scored as highly the next year. In this way the system of ranking countries, and renewing those rankings annually, serves to encourage those who have not done well one year to improve the next, and to encourage those who have performed well not to slip down the rankings.

Where to find the Trafficking in Persons Report.

Credit: U.S. Department of State

The current edition of the Trafficking in Persons Report and earlier versions are available from the section addressing human trafficking on the U.S. Department of State's website. You can find that section here.

 

Read 4508 times Last modified on Sunday, 23 May 2021 17:03
More in this category: « Beyond slavery's facade

Got something to say? Go for it!

Make sure you enter all the required information, indicated by an asterisk (*). HTML code is not allowed.


 
 

Happening Now

Accused trafficker in international ‘Tren de Aragua’ operation to appear in Baton Rouge court

One of three accused sex traffickers who prosecutors suspect was working on behalf of a gang in Venezuela will appear in the Middle District Court...

Medipally Police Arrest 11 Traffickers, Rescue 11 Children in Six Days

Hyderabad: The Medipally police of Rachakonda commissionerate not only tracked and arrested 11 notorious human traffickers of an interstate gang but also rescued 11 babies...

Sanford, eXp Dropped From Second Sex Trafficking Lawsuit

But the judge is allowing the plaintiff to amend arguments regarding eXp’s culpability in an alleged recruiting and assault venture.

Elites Found Another Way To Human Traffic Pretty Girls For The Obscenely Rich

Elites have found a way to make sex trafficking upscale with a new app, FlyMeOut.

Sex Trafficking Ring: 4 suspects arrested in Savannah following grand jury indictments

Four people have been arrested following allegations they ran a sex trafficking ring in Savannah.

Turning around sex trafficking: One year after Safe Harbor in Maryland

TurnAround Inc. working to rescue youth, trans girls from exploitation

2 men charged after U.S. prosecutors say B.C. freight trains used for human smuggling

The U.S. Department of Justice says two men are facing human smuggling charges for their alleged role in a scheme to transport people across the...

Australia establishes federal anti-slavery commissioner following election promise

The Australian Parliament on Tuesday passed the Modern Slavery Amendment (Australian Anti-Slavery Commissioner) Bill 2023 which has the effect of establishing the first federal Anti-Slavery...

Advocates speak out about realities of human trafficking in Nova Scotia

CONTENT WARNING This article discusses serious topics that may be sensitive to some readers. If you or someone you know has been affected by sexual or...

Savannah Police arrests four people in connection with an alleged sex trafficking ring

On May 23, SPD arrested four suspects in connection with an alleged sex trafficking ring that operated from 2020 and 2021 on West 39th Street.

New funding to help Tucson Police tackle human trafficking

New funding to help Tucson Police tackle human trafficking

US designates 26 PRC textile entities on Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act Entity List

The US Department of Homeland Security has designated 26 PRC-based entities in the textile sector on the  Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act Entity List and...

Sean ‘Diddy’ Combs Allegations: A Complete Timeline—As Accusers May Testify Before Grand Jury

Combs has faced multiple civil lawsuits accusing him of abuse, all of which he has denied.

San Jose man sentenced for human trafficking in Monterey County

Courtney Davenport sentenced to 10 years in state prison on one count of human trafficking and one count of domestic violence. In addition to the...

OSCE Highlights Private Sector's Role at Anti-Trafficking Event in Bulgaria

More than 50 public officials, business and civil society representatives gathered in Sofia to discuss collaborative efforts in addressing human

Collaborative efforts and private sector role in combating human trafficking and labour exploitation highlighted at...

More than 50 public officials, business and civil society representatives gathered in Sofia to discuss collaborative efforts in addressing human trafficking for the purpose of...

Romania, Moldova, Jointly Dismantle Major Migrant Smuggling Operation

Police in Romania and Moldova have cracked organised criminal groups smuggling large numbers of people to Western Europe in an operation faciliitated by Eurojust.

Feds call it ‘poison’ ravaging families. 11 CT residents accused of trafficking it are off...

Eleven Connecticut residents have been charged in connection with three indictments on narcotics trafficking charges.

Cheektowaga Police investigating possible human trafficking at illegal massage parlor

Cheektowaga Police are conducting an investigation into a massage parlor that’s suspected of human trafficking. No arrests were made during the search, though police say...

Audio clip reveals organ trade in Thrissur; middleman, agents received Rs 8 lakh each

The recipient was an auto-rickshaw driver in Thrissur aged 50 years.organ trade in kerala. liver transplantation. Thrissur man pays lakhs for liver. liver trade. latest...

Massage parlor ordinance going to full vote in Springfield amid human trafficking concerns

Massage parlors may need to register with the City of Springfield amid concerns of human trafficking and prostitution.

Education key to combatting human trafficking

Breaking News, Sports, Manitoba, Canada

Key conspirator in Rohingyas, Bangladeshi trafficking case arrested

The NIA said the accused was carrying a cash reward of Rs 1 lakh in a case where a large number of Bangladeshi nationals and...

Nepal's apathy boosts trafficking networks' tenacity

Rampant poverty, unemployment, and increased connectivity between India and Nepal behind trafficking, forced labor, say experts

About David Lohan

David Lohan is an author and researcher on modern slavery, otherwise known as human trafficking. He encountered the issue while working with an organization providing outreach services to refugees and asylum seekers. His first book on the subject, a co-authored work, explored the present-day use of Juju & Voodoo oaths to coerce Africans into the slavery. His latest work is At Freedom's Crossroads: Making Sense of Modern Slavery. David holds a bachelor's degree in engineering, several post-graduate diplomas and a Master of Arts (M.A.) degree in Politics.

With a commitment to victims of modern slavery.

© Copyright 2016 by DavidLohan.com. All Rights Reserved.

Back to the top.